Engineering for good: A case of community driven engineering innovation
AbstractThere is a culture of disengagement from social consideration in engineering disciplines. This means that first year engineering students, who arrive planning to change the world through engineering, lose this passion as they progress through the engineering curriculum. The community driven technology innovation and investment program described in this paper is an attempt to reverse this trend by fusing community engagement with the normal engineering design process. This approach differs from existing project or trip based approaches – outreach – because the focus is on local communities with which the university team forms a long-term partnership through weekly in-person meetings and community driven problem statements – engagement.
Argyris C & Schon D 1978, Organisational learning: a theory of action perspective, Mass Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Reading, MA
Barker D 2011, 'The scholarship of engagement: a taxonomy of five emerging practices', Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 123 - 137
Borenstein J, Drake MJ, Kirkman R & Swann JL 2010, 'The engineering and science issues test (ESIT): a discipline-specific approach to assessing moral judgment', Science & Engineering Ethics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 387 - 407
Canney NE & Bielefeldt AR 2016, 'Validity and reliability evidence of the engineering professional responsibility assessment tool', Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 105, no. 3, p. 452 - 477
Cech, EA 2014, 'Culture of disengagement in engineering education?', Science, Technology & Human Values, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 42-72
Ennis G. & West D 2010, 'Exploring the potential of social network analysis in asset-based community development practice and research', Australian Social Work, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 404–417
Gordon AS, Plumblee J & Vaughn D 2017, 'Developing rural water systems: an evaluation of haiti’s first chlorinated municipal water system in the central plateau', Journal of Humanitarian Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-7
Lochner, J 2012 'outreach vs. engagement', Mercury, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 12 - 12
Malhotra A, Majchrzak A & Rosen B 2007, 'Leading virtual teams', Academy of Management Perspectives, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 60-70
Maxted B 2013, 'Dust masks for Indian quarry workers: A comparative analysis of the filtering efficiency of fabrics', Journal of Humanitarian Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 15-20
Mazur, L. M., McCreery, J. K. and Chen, S. (2012) 'Quality improvement in hospitals: Identifying and understanding behaviors', Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 3(4), pp. 621-648.
Mirdad WK, Hille J & Melamed J 2015, 'Application of resilient systems thinking to sustain a lean organizational culture', in Proceedings of the 2015 International Annual Conference of the American Society for Engineering Management, Indianapolis
Niemeier D, Gombachika H & Richards-Kortum R 2014, 'How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs', Science, vol. 345, no. 6202
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 2000, Policy brief: science, technology and innovation in the new economy, Public Affairs Division - Public Affairs and Communications Directorate, http://www.oecd.org/science/sci-tech/1918259.pdf.
Schultz B 2013, 'Development and commercialisation of rechargeable wooden LED lamps', Journal of Humanitarian Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 21 - 26
Shiarella AH, Mccarthy AM & Tucker ML 2000, 'Development and construct validity of scores on the community service attitudes scale', Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 286 - 300
Smith MK, Wood WB, Krauter K & Knight JK 2011, 'Combining peer discussion with instructor explanation increases student learning from in-class concept questions', CBE Life Sciences Education, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 55-63
Stump GS, Hilpert JC, Husman J & Kim W 2011, 'Collaborative learning in engineering students: gender and achievement', Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 475 - 497.
Authors retain copyright over their work and licence the work to the journal under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution (CC-BY) Licence. The CC-BY licence is the most open licence in terms of enabling free distribution and communication of the work. Works prepared using contents of the journal must reference the author(s) and the journal.